For System Integration and Shop Service: Laser Resistor Trimming of Thick- and Thin-Film Hybrid Microelectronic Devices
Active and Passive
Large board thick film resistor trimming is a specialty of Laserod. Board sizes to 24″ x 24″ or 36″ x 24″ are easily handled. Upon job completion, Laserod will provide you with Excel graphs that indicate your initial and final trim values for your comparison.
Resistor Trimming Hubrid Circuits
Laser Trimming Hybrid Microwave Boards
Fig. 1. 16″ x 12″ large microwave circuit board is trimmed by YAG laser..
The precision equipment delivers a trim accuracy as high as 0.1%, a measuring accuracy of 100 ppm, and a range between 0.1 ohm to 1 Gigohm.
Involves removal of material from a resistor to increase its resistance. The resistance or voltage parameter is monitored across the component contacts.
Involves removal of material from a resistor to change a circuit parameter. Also called functional trimming, because the circuit is functioning during the trimming process. Parameters monitored are ACV, DCV, ACI, DCI, PERIOD, FREQUENCY.
Active Resistor Trimming
Laser Trimming Active Circuits
Fig. 2. Setup for active laser trimming of a device under test. Circuit under laser is powered up by cables coming off to the right.
IEEE488 I/F as GPIB to measuring/test equipment.
Laser Parameter Considerations
Our Nd: YAG laser spot size typically ranges from 25 to 75 microns. The spot size should be wide enough to avoid electrical arcing across a narrow trim. Also the spot size should be narrow enough so that the side rays do not “cook” the resistor, producing a heat affected zone and degrading the resistor’s long term stability.
Laser Beam Focus
The laser beam focus is not a very critical factor for thick film trimming applications because the optics have very long depths of focus. Typically, the depth of focus can be +/- 250 microns. For thin film it may be a more critical factor. As the beam goes out of focus in the near and far fields, the resistor drift will increase.
Faster trimming will result in lower accuracies. It may also mean having to use higher repetition rates to achieve satisfactory material removal.
Interested in our capabilities? Please contact us.